Published On: 6 March 2023Tags:

Experiences of racism and racial discrimination are associated with poorer mental and physical health outcomes for people from minoritised ethnic groups. One mechanism by which racism leads to poor health is through reduced socio-economic resources, but the evidence documenting the direct and indirect effects of racism on health via socio-economic inequality over time is under-developed.

The central aims of this paper are to better understand how racism affects health over time, by age, and via the key mechanism of socio-economic inequality. This research paper analysed large-scale, nationally representative data from the UK Household Longitudinal Study (Understanding Society) 2009–2019.

Findings from the research clearly indicate the enduring effects of racism on health, which operate over time both directly and indirectly through lower income and poorer prior health. Repeated exposure to racism severely and negatively impacts the health of people from minoritised ethnic groups. These findings make an important contribution to the existing evidence base, demonstrating the enduring effects of racism on health over time and across age groups.

Read the full briefing paper here.

  • Jabeer Butt talks about the impact of racism on health


  • Laia Bécares outlines the racism in ethnic inequalities report
  • Jabeer Butt sets out why we need a ethnic health inequalities strategy


  • Laia Bécares describes how racism leads to poor health
  • Laia Bécares explains how research was gathered for the briefing paper
  • Laia Bécares explains how racism and social-economic inequality impacts health